Scientists have come up with a new invention for the treatment of patients with Alzheimer's disease, through an electronic chip that is sure to be implanted in the brain, and contribute to the elimination of most neurological diseases.
British scientists have invented artificial neurons in the form of a brain implant that can repair all the damage caused by Alzheimer's and other neuropsychiatric diseases.
A team at the University of Bath in Britain, together with international scientists, has developed electronic cells attached to a silicone chip that mimic the patient's biological neuron responses when they are triggered by the human nervous system.
These neurons are specialized cells that transmit nerve impulses, allowing parts of the body to communicate with each other, which are the basic components of the brain, spinal cord and nervous system, and they are located around the heart as well.
For decades, researchers have tried to make brain cells, but they have had many difficulties that have failed most experiments, because the way human neurons respond to signals is often complex and unpredictable.
But using the computer and the recent scientific breakthrough, scientists have been able to develop equations that explain how these cells respond, when they receive electrical signals from certain nerves, and form silicon wafers that reflect this response immediately.
Alan Nugaret, professor of physics at the University of Bath, commented on the achievement. So far, neurons have been like black boxes, but we've been able to open the black box and look inside.
"Our work is a variable model because it provides an active way to reproduce the electrical properties of real neurons in every detail," he said. "Biological neurons have very complex behavior, and what we have done is to develop techniques to transfer the behavior of biological neurons to a piece of silicon. .
Otherwise, he has also pointed out that neurons are part of the brain and are therefore part of the central nervous system of humans, and there are diseases caused by the decomposition of these neurons and the loss of their functions, and because the neurons do not regenerate.
In this sense it is important to have vital circuits, which can actually replace these failed neurons, to restore vital function in Alzheimer's disease, motor neuron disease and heart failure.
The team believes that this scientific breakthrough could herald a new era of transplantation "that may treat chronic diseases, such as heart failure, Alzheimer's disease and other diseases such as neurological atrophy," the British Telegraph reported.